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The latest orthopaedic news from Medical News Today and local news publishers.

A new study has identified a new drug target that could change chronic pain medication going forward. New research has uncovered a target for chronic and pathologic pain, which could lead to better drugs for those affected by pain in the future.Chronic pain is "the most common cause of long-term disability," according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH). In fact, a recent analysis from the NIH estimates that more than 25 million people in the United States (or over 11 percent of the country's adult population) live with chronic pain. This means that they have experienced pain every day for the past 3 months.

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Ballet dancers may develop sesamoiditis. Sesamoid bones are unique because they are the only bones in the body that are not connected to other bones via joints. Instead, they are connected to other bones by tendons, or they are embedded in muscles in the body.Examples of sesamoid bones in the body include the kneecap and two small bones in the foot, which are roughly the size of a corn kernel. These foot bones are located underneath the foot, one on the outer side of the foot and the other near the middle of the foot. They are embedded in the tendon that helps move the big toe.

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Sarcopenia is an age-related condition that can make everyday activities, such as walking, more difficult. Sarcopenia is the loss of muscle mass due to the natural aging process. This decrease in muscle leads to a reduction in a person's strength. As a result, their balance and gait are also affected. Sarcopenia can have an impact on a person's ability to perform everyday activities, such as climbing stairs, lifting objects, and walking. Contents of this article: Causes and risk factors Other causes Symptoms and complications Diagnosis of sarcopenia Treatment and self-management Outlook

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A frequent symptom of polymyalgia rheumatica is stiffness in the neck. Polymyalgia rheumatica is a rheumatic autoimmune inflammatory disease that affects the lining of the joints or around the joints (periarthritis) and, in rare cases, the arteries.When polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) occurs, the body's immune system attacks its own connective tissues, causing the tissue of the affected joints and occasionally arteries to become inflamed. The disease can last for up to 5 years but usually less and is responsive to low to moderate doses of prednisone (steroid). PMR affects around 59 out of 100,000 people over the age of 50 each year and is most often seen in Caucasian women.

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These tabs require JavaScript to be enabled. Castro-Sánchez, A. M., Matarán-Peñarrocha, G. A., Sánchez-Labraca, N., Quesada-Rubio, J. M., Granero-Molina, J., & Moreno-Lorenzo, C. (2011, January 1). A randomized controlled trial investigating the effects of craniosacral therapy on pain and heart rate variability in fibromyalgia patients [Abstract]. Clinical Rehabilitation, 25(1), 25-35. Retrieved from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0269215510375909 Craniosacral therapy. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.takingcharge.csh.umn.edu/explore-healing-practices/craniosacral-therapy Discover craniosacral therapy. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.upledger.com/therapies/index.php Downey, P. A., Barbano, T., Kapur-Wadhwa, R., Sciote, J. J., Siegel, M. I., & Mooney, M. P. (2006, November). Craniosacral therapy: The effects of cranial manipulation on intracranial pressure and cranial bone movement [Abstract].

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Pregnant women who have a healthy diet and regular moderate exercise are less likely to have a caesarean section, gain excessive weight, or develop diabetes in pregnancy, according to a study led by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) using data from over 12,000 women. The study, published in the BMJ, is the largest research project in the world looking at lifestyle interventions in pregnancy, involving more than 50 researchers from 41 institutions*. Its results were recently used by the UK Chief Medical Officers in the Department of Health's infographics on physical activity in pregnancy, which recommended at least 150 minutes of moderate intensity activity every week.

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A brief, medium-paced run for premenopausal women, or a short, slow-paced jog for postmenopausal women, is linked to better bone health. New research from the University of Exeter and the University of Leicester, both in the United Kingdom, suggests that a single 1-minute bout of high-intensity, weight-bearing physical activity is associated with better bone health in women.Such brief bursts of activity are equivalent to a run at a medium pace for premenopausal women, and a slow-paced jog for postmenopausal women. The findings were published in the International Journal of Epidemiology. Osteoporosis is a bone disease that causes bone to become weak and brittle.

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Sever's disease may occur during a growth spurt in children. Sever's disease is a heel injury that occurs in physically active children. It is a common complaint that causes temporary pain but no long-term damage.Sever's disease is named after James Warren Sever, the American doctor who first described the condition in 1912. It is also known as calcaneal apophysitis. According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, Sever's disease is the most common cause of heel pain in children aged 5 to 11. This article addresses the causes and symptoms of Sever's disease and outlines the treatment options available.

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When discs in the spine become damaged, they can affect nerve roots nearby. This leads to radiculopathy. Radiculopathy, or a pinched nerve in the spine, can lead to a variety of uncomfortable symptoms, including pain, weakness, and numbness. In this article, we look at how this condition can occur, along with its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Contents of this article: What is radiculopathy? Causes and risk factors Radiculopathy symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Prevention  

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A wheelchair is one example of a mobility aid. Mobility aids are devices designed to help people who have problems moving around enjoy greater freedom and independence. Typically people who have disabilities or injuries, or older adults who are at increased risk of falling, choose to use mobility aids. These devices provide several benefits to users, including more independence, reduced pain, and increased confidence and self-esteem.  

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