References

1. Lee DM, Weinblatt ME: Rheumatoid arthritis. Lancet 2001;358:903-911.

  1. Aho K, Koskenvuo M, Tuominen J, et al: Occur- rence of rheumatoid arthritis in a nationwide series of twins. J Rheumatol 1986;13:899-902.
  2. Silman AJ, MacGregor AJ, Thomson W, et al: Twin concordance rates for rheumatoid arthritis: results from a nationwide study. Br J Rheumatol 1993;32: 903-907.
  3. Jenkins RN, Nikaein A, Zimmermann A, et al: T cell receptor V beta gene bias in rheumatoid arthritis. J Clin Invest 1993;92:2688-2701.
  4. Uematsu Y, Wege H, Straus A, et al: The T-cell- receptor repertoire in the synovial fluid of a patient with rheumatoid arthritis is polyclonal. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1991;88:8534-8538.
  5. Wagner UG, Koetz K, Weyand CM, et al: Perturba- tion of the T cell repertoire in rheumatoid arthritis. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 1998;95:14447-14452.
  6. Shiozawa S, Shiozawa K, Fujita T: Morphologic observations in the early phase of the cartilage- pannus junction: Light and electron microscopic studies of active cellular pannus. Arthritis Rheum 1983;26:472-478.
  7. McCachren SS, Haynes BF, Niedel JE: Localization of collagenase mRNA in rheumatoid arthritis synovium by in situ hybridization histochemistry.J Clin Immunol 1990;10:19-27.

    9. Gravallese EM, Darling JM, Ladd AL, et al: In situhybridization studies of stromelysin and collage- nase messenger RNA expression in rheumatoid synovium. Arthritis Rheum 1991;34:1076-1084.

    10. Martel-Pelletier J, McCollum R, Fujimoto N, Obata K, Cloutier JM, Pelletier JP: Excess of metallopro- teases over tissue inhibitor of metalloprotease may contribute to cartilage degradation in osteoarthri- tis and rheumatoid arthritis. Lab Invest 1994;70:807- 815.

    11. Bland JH: Rheumatoid arthritis of the cervical spine. J Rheumatol 1974;1:319-342.

    12. Kauppi M, Sakaguchi M, Konttinen YT, et al: Pathogenetic mechanism and prevalence of the stable atlantoaxial subluxation in rheumatoid arthritis. J Rheumatol 1996;23:831-834.

    13. McCarty DJ: Gout without hyperuricemia. JAMA 1994;271:302-303.

    14. Lawry GV II, Fan PT, Bluestone R: Polyarticular versus monoarticular gout: A prospective, com- parative analysis of clinical features. Medicine (Baltimore) 1988;67:335-343.

    15. Emmerson BT: The management of gout. N Engl J Med 1996;334:445-451.