People with little to no leg strength are either saddled with a temporary injury or a permanent disability. They might also be suffering from a chronic condition that requires bed confinement as in the cases of many older adult patients or those who are still healing from a fracture or leg surgery.


Being temporarily or permanently bedridden entails many health issues. As the patient has little or non-existent mobility on the legs, he or she will need to rely on someone else's help in aspects of physical fitness, grooming, hygiene, and overall well-being.

Do Leg Exercises

Limited or non-existent activity results in muscle weakness, which can happen to someone who has to stay in bed for a long period. With little or no movement, the muscle mass on the legs thin out and atrophy. The legs could also shorten since the muscles aren't stretched.

In these situations, daily low-intensity exercises will help prevent muscle atrophy, as well as protect the muscle from wasting away. Low-intensity movements can also lessen complications in a patient suffering from a fracture, a lifelong disease, or a disability.

Among the important exercises to do daily for someone with an affected leg function include:

Manage Grooming and Hygiene

Basic bedtime routines will definitely change for someone with mobility problems. Patients might not be strong enough to get up and take a shower without any assistance. As such, it might be helpful to have a bed bath every other day if bathing in the bathroom will bring more risks.

If the patient can still brush his or her own teeth, simply prepare a separate water basin and the necessary supplies before bedtime.

Other Hygiene Needs

Create a Comfortable Environment

A patient confined to the bed needs to thrive in a comfortable environment as it promotes healthy emotional and mental well-being.

Prevent Bedsores

Bedsores, also known as pressure ulcers, appear as skin injuries. These develop due to prolonged pressure and friction on the skin against the surface of the bed as the patient might be incapable to change position often.

Bedsores might appear on the back, including the head, shoulder blades, lower back, hip, tailbone, skin behind the knees, heels, and ankles. As the circulation decreases in the area, signs and symptoms begin to appear:


If unchecked and untreated, bedsores can lead to life-threatening infections, hence, frequently changing positions at least every two hours is a must for a person confined in the bed. Regular visits to a physical therapist and an orthopedic doctor are also important.