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A study published online in the journal JAMA Surgery offers evidence to validate a patient-reported outcome (PRO) measure for patients who undergo lumbar spine surgery. 

The authors surveyed 1,965 adult lumbar surgical candidates at baseline and at least once postoperatively within three years. Demographic and clinical characteristics included in the final prediction models were age, sex, race, insurance status, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, smoking status, diagnoses, prior surgery, prescription opioid use, asthma, and baseline PRO scores. They found that a PRO response prediction tool, informed by population-level data, explained most of the variability in pain reduction and functional improvement following surgery. Learn more...