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A study conducted in Australia and Canada and published online in the Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery attempts to identify normative patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) values for healthy patients. 

The researchers surveyed 653 individuals without dominant shoulder pathology for the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons shoulder score; Constant-Murley Shoulder Score; Oxford Shoulder Score; University of California, Los Angeles shoulder score; Shoulder Pain and Disability Index; and Stanmore Percentage of Normal Shoulder Assessment. They found that differences in sex, age, and geographical location may affect PROM shoulder scores in pathology-free individuals. The researchers recommend that demographic factors be taken into consideration when PROMs used to compare patient outcomes. Learn more...