A research letter published online in the journal JAMA Pediatrics notes a strong increase in the rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction among adolescent females. The researchers reviewed data on 283,810 ACL reconstructions performed in the United States from 2002 through 2014. 

They found that ACL reconstruction rates per 100,000 person-years rose 22 percent overall, from 61.4 in 2002 to 74.6 in 2014. Overall, males were more likely than females to undergo ACL reconstruction. However, the rate of ACL reconstruction for females grew 34 percent over the study period, compared to 13 percent for males. In addition, females and males aged 13 to 17 years saw the highest absolute increases in ACL reconstruction rates. The researchers write that the rise in rates among adolescent female patients was so steep that, "by the end of the study period in 2014, they had a higher rate of ACL reconstruction than any other age-sex strata." Learn more...

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