Bleeding during and after total hip replacement surgery is a primary concern to the surgical and anaesthetic team. Tranexamic acid is a commonly-used drug that helps blood clotting and decreases surgical bleeding. The investigators commonly administer the drug intravenously prior to the procedure. Some patients are unable to receive the drug in this form, because of risks related to blood clotting. The investigators know, from studies in total knee replacement surgery, that the investigators can deliver tranexamic acid directly to the surgical site (topically), with similar benefits and less of the drug absorbed into the bloodstream, resulting in less risk to the patient. The investigators seek to find if similar benefit in terms of reducing blood loss is seen using topical tranexamic acid in hip replacement surgery. The investigators' hypothesis is that the topical form will be equivalent, but not better than the intravenous form for reducing intra- and postoperative bleeding. The investigators also expect to see decreased levels of tranexamic acid in the bloodstream when it is administered topically.

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